Name of Collection: English Drama
School Name: "Herbert H. Lehman" High School
Address: 3000 East Tremont, Bronx New York 10461
Phone: 718-904-4200 ext. 1056
Fax:718-904-4285
Librarians: Sandra Burger, Kristina Miruku, Debra Shulman
Librarian's e-mail: emiruku@optonline.net

Introduction: Our CCD collection of English Drama reflects the requirements of the ELA curriculum in New York City public schools. Most of the pieces in our CCD collection are print sources on William Shakespeare and his work. The following pathfinder is intended to assist students and teachers in conducting research on Othello.

Questions for Inquiry:
  • What are the character traits of the female characters in Othello?
  • What is the nature of love in the play?
  • How is evil exposed in the play?
  • How is the characterization of Iago achieved?
  • How is the relationship between idealism and realism delivered?
  • What are the effects of jealousy in the play?
  • What are the literary elements and the dramatic techniques used by William Shakespeare?
  • What are the many natures of Othello?
  • How does race play a role in the play?

Keywords:
Desdemona - Female character, Innocence, Culpability, Passivity, Spiritual nature of her love
Evil
Iago - Villain, motives, revenge, scheme
Idealism vs Realism
Jealousy
Language and Imagery; Dramatic Techniques
Love
Othello - Affinity with Iago, Conventional "blameless hero," Credulity, Divided nature, Egotism, Self-destructive anger,
Spiritual state, Psychoanalitic interpretation, Racial issues.

Subject Headings: English Drama, Shakespeare, Othello, Feminism, Love, Race

CCD print sources & Dewey Decimal #s

Desdemona - Female character, Innocence, Culpability, Passivity, Spiritual nature of her love
822.3 SHA Shakespearean Criticism. Detroit, MI: Gale Research, 1997.Volumes: 4, 13, 19, 22, 35, 47, 53
822.3 WIL Bloom, Harold, ed. William Shakespeare’s Othello. Chelsea House, c1999.
822.33 DAS Dash, Irene G. Wooing, Wedding & Power: Women in Shakespeare’s Plays. New York : Columbia University Press, c1981.
822.3 R Rosenberg, Marvin. The Masks of Othello: The Search for the Identity of Othello, Iago and Desdemona by Three Centuries of Actors and Critics. Newark : University of Delaware Press, c1978.
822.3 G Goddard, Harold. The Meaning of Shakespeare. Chicago : University of Chicago Press, 1960.
822.3 SHA Barker, Deborah E. and Ivo Kamps, ed. Shakespeare and Gender: A History. London: Verso, 1995.
822.3 JAM Jameson, Anna. Shakespeare’s Heroines: Characteristics of Women: Moral, Poetical, and Historical. Pennsylvania: Folcroft Library Editions, 1977.
822.33 BLO Bloom, Harold, ed. Shakespeare: The Invention of the Human. New York : Riverhead Books, c1998.
822.3 B Boyce, Charles. Shakespeare A to Z: The Essential Reference to His Plays, His Poems, His Life and Times, and More. New York: Delta/ a Rountable Press Book, 1991.
822.3 SHA Shakespeare For Students. Detroit: Gale Research, 1997.
822.3 IAG Bloom, Harold. Iago: Major Literary Characters. New York: Chelsea House Publishing, 1992.

Evil
822.3 SHA Shakespearean Criticism. Detroit, MI: Gale Research, 1997 Volumes: 52, 60
822.3 SHA Shakespeare For Students. Detroit: Gale Research, 1997. B. 1

Iago - Villain, motives, revenge, scheme
822.3 SHA Shakespearean Criticism. Detroit, MI: Gale Research, 1997 Volumes: 4, 13, 25, 28, 32, 35, 42, 44, 53
822.3 WIL Bloom, Harold, ed. William Shakespeare’s Othello. Chelsea House, c1999.
822.3 R Rosenberg, Marvin. The Masks of Othello: The Search for the Identity of Othello, Iago and Desdemona by Three Centuries of Actors and Critics. Newark : University of Delaware Press, c1978.
822.33 BLO Bloom, Harold, ed. Shakespeare: The Invention of the Human. New York : Riverhead Books, c1998.
822.3 G Goddard, Harold. The Meaning of Shakespeare. Chicago : University of Chicago Press, 1960.
822.3 SHA Shakespeare For Students. Detroit: Gale Research, 1997. B. 1
822.3 B Boyce, Charles. Shakespeare A to Z: The Essential Reference to His Plays, His Poems, His Life and Times, and More. New York: Delta/ a Rountable Press Book, 1991.
822.3 IAG Bloom, Harold. Iago: Major Literary Characters. New York: Chelsea House Publishing, 1992.
822.3 McC McConnell. Exit, Pursued by a Bear: Shakespeare’s Characters, Plays, Poems, History, and Stagecraft. Illinois: Bloomsbury, 2003.

Idealism vs Realism
822.3 SHA Shakespearean Criticism. Detroit, MI: Gale Research, 1997 Volumes: 4, 13, 25, 53

Jealousy
822.3 SHA Shakespearean Criticism. Detroit, MI: Gale Research, 1997Volumes: 4, 35, 44, 51
822.3 WIL Bloom, Harold, ed. William Shakespeare’s Othello. Chelsea House, c1999.
822.3 IAG Bloom, Harold. Iago: Major Literary Characters. New York: Chelsea House Publishing, 1992.
822.33 BLO Bloom, Harold, ed. Shakespeare: The Invention of the Human. New York : Riverhead Books, c1998.

Language and Imagery; Dramatic Techniques
822.3 SHA Shakespearean Criticism. Detroit, MI: Gale Research, 1997 Volumes: 4, 13, 16, 22, 25, 28, 42, 47, 53
822.3 WIL Bloom, Harold, ed. William Shakespeare’s Othello. Chelsea House, c1999.
822.3 IAG Bloom, Harold. Iago: Major Literary Characters. New York: Chelsea House Publishing, 1992.
822.3 G Granville – Barker, Harley & G. B. Harrison. A Companion to Shakespeare Studies . New York: Macmillian, 1934.
822.33 JOR Paul A. Jorgensen. William Shakespeare: The Tragedies . Boston: Twayne Publishers, 1985.

Love
822.3 SHA Shakespearean Criticism. Detroit, MI: Gale Research, 1997 Volumes: 4, 19, 22, 25, 28,32, 35, 51

Othello: Affinity with Iago, Conventional "blameless hero", credulity, divided nature, egotism, self-destructive anger, spiritual state, psychoanalytic interpretation, racial issues
822.3 SHA Shakespearean Criticism. Detroit, MI: Gale Research, 1997 Volumes: 4, 13, 16, 19, 22, 25, 28,32, 35, 42, 44, 47, 51, 53, 60
822.3 IAG Bloom, Harold. Iago: Major Literary Characters. New York: Chelsea House Publishing, 1992.
822.3 WIL Bloom, Harold, ed. William Shakespeare’s Othello. Chelsea House, c1999.
822.3 B Boyce, Charles. Shakespeare A to Z: The Essential Reference to His Plays, His Poems, His Life and Times, and More. New York: Delta/ a Rountable Press Book, 1991.
822.3 SHA Shakespeare For Students. Detroit: Gale Research, 1997. B. 1
822.3 G Goddard, Harold. The Meaning of Shakespeare. Chicago : University of Chicago Press, 1960.
822.33 BLO Bloom, Harold, ed. Shakespeare: The Invention of the Human. New York : Riverhead Books, c1998.
822.3 R Rosenberg, Marvin. The Masks of Othello: The Search for the Identity of Othello, Iago and Desdemona by Three Centuries of Actors and Critics. Newark : University of Delaware Press, c1978.
822.33 AND Andrews, John F., ed. William Shakespeare: His World, His Work, His Influence. New York: Scribner, 1985.

Magazine Articles

• Print:

Coles, R. "Secular Days, Sacred Moments". America. 14 Feb 1998: 4.
Tolson, J. "The Return of the Bard". U.S. News & World Reports. 1 Feb 1999: 48-9.

• Online:

Databases:

  1. Grolier Online Database – Analyses of Shakespeare’s works
http://auth.com/cgi-bin/go_up_login?formu=herberths&formp=grolier
Access from home: http://go.grolier.com Request password from librarians
  1. New York Public Library – http://www.nypl.org To access the electronic resources use the barcode on the library card.
  2. NOVEL http://infotrac.galegroup.com/itweb/nysl_me_hhlem. Is a collection of databases. The database that may be of help in researching Shakespeare is Twayne’s Author Series.

Web Sites:

**Othello** / William Shakespeare **criticism** - A. C. Bradley

sunflower.singnet.com.sg/~yisheng/notes/shakespeare/othello_b.htm

IPL Online Literary **Criticism** Collection
The Internet Public Library. Online Literary Criticism Collection. Sites about Othello by William Shakespeare. Characters: Othello, Iago ...
www.ipl.org.ar/cgi-bin/ref/litcrit/litcrit.out.

**Othello** by William Shakespeare
Othello : Critical Essays (Shakespeare Criticism) ed. by Philip C. Kolin Philip Kolin schools.moe.edu.sg/rjc/subjects/english/lit/texts/othello.htm

ISE Links Database - **Criticism**
Gray's site has an excellent list of links to Shakespeare criticism on the Web:
ise.uvic.ca/Annex/links/Shakespeare_Sites/Criticism.html

Philip C. Kolin - **Othello** and Interpretive Traditions (review **...** (subscription based)
muse.jhu.edu/journals/theatre_journal/v052/52.4kolin.html

William Shakespeare **- Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia**
Thorough description of Shakespeare’s life, times and works; links to other resources. Access is denied in school. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_Shakespeare

**The Complete Works of** William Shakespeare
Full text of complete works of William Shakespeare. The site also includes a link to internet sites on the author http://www-tech.mit.edu/Shakespeare/

**Mr.** William Shakespeare **and the Internet**
An annotated guide to Shakespeare resources on the Internet. Includes a timeline and Shakespeare’s genealogy. Categories are listed on the left-hand side of the page. http://shakespeare.palomar.edu/

William Shakespeare **- Biography and Works**
William Shakespeare. Biography of William Shakespeare and a searchable collection of works. http://www.online-literature.com/shakespeare/

**Shakespeare Resource Center**
You'll find here collected links from all over the World Wide Web to help you find information on William Shakespeare. The list of links Includes biography, works, analyses of language Elizabethan England, Shakespeare’s will, etcetera. www.bardweb.net/

**Shakespeare Online**
Includes biography, analyses of different topics and characters that appear in Shakespeare’s work.It also includes interesting trivia about the author. www.shakespeare-online.com/

**Absolute Shakespeare - plays, quotes, summaries, essays...**
Absolute Shakespeare, the essential resource for William Shakespeare's plays. It also includes a detailed biography.http://absoluteshakespeare.com/

**Shakespeare Birthplace Trust**
Beautiful pictures of Shakespeare’s houses ; documents from Library & Archives · Museums · etcetera. www.shakespeare.org.uk/

Videos/DVDs:

VIDEO 800 SHA Shakespeare in London: Life and Times of the Real William Shakespeare
VIDEO 800 SHA Shakespeare in American Communities
VIDEO 800 SHA Shakespeare in Love
VIDEO 800 Shakespeare and the Globe
DVD 900 IN In Search of Shakespeare
VIDEO 800 SHA OTH Othello
VIDEO 800 SHA The Reduced Shakespeare Company : Complete works of William Shakespeare
VIDEO 800 SHA William Shakespeare: A Life of Drama
Video 800 SHA William Shakespeare: A Poet of Time
VIDEO 800 O O Othello
VIDEO 800 SHA Irony and Ambiguity
VIDEO 800 SHA Language and Character
VIDEO 800 SHA Passion and Coolness
VIDEO 800 SHA Playing Shakespeare: Using the Verse
VIDEO 800 SHA Preparing to Perform Shakespeare
VIDEO 800 SHA Rehearsing the Text
VIDEO 800 SHA Set Speeches and Soliloquies
VIDEO 800 SHA Speaking Shakespearean Verse

Community Resources:

Curriculum Standards Related to This Topic:


"Information Fluency Continuum" - Standard 1
English Language Arts - Standards 1, 2, 3